There is almost an infinite range of materials that can be use for 3D printing today depending on its application need. Theses are largely from a range of plastics, metals, ceramics, paper and biomaterials as well as food. Materials arrive in different forms i.e powder, granules, pellets as well as different colours.
3D as a technology is possibly still its in infancy. It began is the 90s with initially a simple layering system, by the end of the 90s they were producing organs using a patient’s own cells. After 2000 manufacturing of industrial parts existed on a mass scale and major breakthrough’s were made in Prosthetics and blood vessels. Since 2010 recent development has extended to robotic aircraft and even a 3D printed car.
Industrial designer William Root believes that the combination of cost and undesirable aesthetics are the result of flawed and outdated processes for creating prosthetic limbs. Using 3D printing as a springboard for keeping production costs low, his Eco-Prosthetic Leg design not only offers a low-cost solution for amputees but also an aesthetically-pleasing design.
Creative minds are increasingly turning to nature—banyan tree leaves, butterfly wings, a bird’s beak— for fresh design solutions. that we human beings, who have been trying to make things for only the blink of an evolutionary eye, have a lot to learn from the long processes of natural selection, whether it’s how to make a wing more aerodynamic or a city more resilient or an electronic display more vibrant.
the idea behind the increasingly influential discipline of biomimicry: